After over two decades of conflict, a generation of Somali children lost an opportunity for formal education as well as other benefits of a stable childhood. Somalia has one of several world’s lowest enrolment rates for primary school-aged children – only 30 percent of children happen to be in school and only 40 % of these are girls. Further, only 18 per cent of kids in rural households have been in school.
Extremely high rates of poverty in communities across Somalia make it a hardship on parents to pay for school fees. In many areas, parents have to buy their children’s education, and poverty remains the key reason they offer for not sending their children to school. Somaliland declared free primary public education this year but has already established great difficulty in retaining teachers in the salaries the government can afford to pay. With parents and communities not any longer investing in simad university, schools have very little funds to cover their running costs.
Girls’ participation in education is consistently less than that for boys. Less than 50 per cent of girls attend primary school, as well as the last countrywide survey from 2006 revealed that only 25 % of females aged 15 to 24 were literate. The low accessibility to sanitation facilities (especially separate latrines for girls), an absence of female teachers (lower than 20 % of primary-school teachers in Somalia are women), safety concerns and social norms that favour boys’ education are cited as factors inhibiting parents from enrolling their daughters in education.
Nomadic pastoralists make up 65 percent in the population in Somalia. Children during these communities are often denied their rights for education. Formal schooling for youngsters continues to be taken up by just 22 per cent of pastoralist children, with enrolment slightly higher among boys than girls.
In Somalia, many children attending primary school start school much later in comparison to the recommended starting age of 6. Because the 2011 MICS4 for Somaliland and Puntland shows, there are significant variety of ‘secondary age’ children (14-17 years old) attending primary school.
At local levels, community education committees and child to child clubs play a vital role in school administration as well as in building community resilience. Regular monthly meetings from the Education Sector Committee is going to be supported, plus the technical working group (on, for instance, gender or Education Management Information System), in order to strengthen the co-ordination of education-sector programmes.
A minimum of 70 percent of Somalia’s population is younger than 30 – yet youth unemployment in Somalia is one of the highest worldwide, at 67 percent. UNICEF works to make sure that dexlpky23 young adults get the the opportunity to allow them to support themselves as well as their families, and go into the workforce. UNICEF and partners are empowering youth through technical education and vocational practicing for employment in Puntland and Somaliland.
To handle these critical issues facing entry to education, UNICEF Somalia works across 5 thematic areas within an extensive system of support to strengthen systems and supply service delivery. Such as: Formal Basic Education, Alternative Basic Education, Youth Education and Skills Development, Institutional Strengthening – human resources and capacity development, and Education in Emergencies. Low rates of primary school enrolment and attendance, in addition to high gender, geographic and minority disparities continue to pose huge challenges to development in Somalia. UNICEF’s focus areas enable UNICEF and its partners to supply education services even for by far the most tough to reach or marginalised children.